Photographer Lucas Foglia ’05 has been obsessed with a particular idea ever since he graduated from Brown. Human Nature, his new collection of photographs, is a distillation of that obsession. Even as he made photographs for and published two earlier works—A Natural Order and Frontcountry—he was working on Human Nature and putting those photos aside. The book, he says, “is a series of interconnected stories from around the world about people, nature, and the science of our relationship with wilderness.” 

Having grown up on a small farm surrounded by forest in New York, Foglia has been a lifelong evangelist for the importance of nature in human lives. He is alarmed that Americans, on average, spend 93 percent of their lives indoors. At the same time, humans have so altered the natural world that no pristine wilderness remains on earth. Rather than mourn the loss, Foglia’s photographs “look for a way forward.”

“I want this book to show how we need wild places even if they have been shaped by us. We need to care for nature and adapt to the changes we have caused.” Foglia makes images of the world between paradise and disaster. 

One photograph depicts a prisoner at Rikers Island, New York City’s main jail complex, retrieving a guinea fowl chick that has escaped through a chain link fence. Foglia said he’d gone to Rikers because he’d heard about three organic gardens there. “Riots and the lockdowns were happening in neighboring buildings,” he says. “The gardens felt like an oasis.” He also photographed a neuroscience experiment in Utah that found that spending time in wild areas enhances cognition, even after a person returns to a city.

Of course, Foglia is hardly immune to the draw of pristine nature. “The last photographs I made for the book,” he says, “were along the southeastern coast of the big island of Hawaii. There is hot lava hitting the ocean. There are people building homes on recently cooled lava. There are ecovillages in the jungle. There are secessionists claiming independence from the United States. I went there to photograph because the area has the cleanest air on earth.”

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Kate in an EEG Study of Cognition in the Wild, Strayer Lab, University of Utah

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Troy Holding a Guinea Fowl Chick, GreenHouse Program, Rikers Island Jail Complex, New York

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Elk at the Game and Fish Department, Wyoming

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Esme Swimming, Parkroyal on Pickering, Singapore